Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.pdmu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/18228
Title: Interleukin-26 is associated with the level of systemic inflammation and lung functions in obese and non-obese moderate-to-severe asthmatic patients
Authors: Avramenko, Yanina
Izmailova, Olha
Shlykova, Oksana
Kaidashev, Igor
Авраменко, Яніна Миколаївна
Ізмайлова, Ольга Віталіївна
Шликова, Оксана Анатоліївна
Кайдашев, Ігор Петрович
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: Interleukin-26 is associated with the level of systemic inflammation and lung functions in obese and non-obese moderate-to-severe asthmatic patients / Y. Avramenko, O. Izmailova, O. Shlykova, I. Kaidashev // Advances in Respiratory Medicine. – 2022. – Vol. 90. – P. 97–108.
Abstract: Introduction: Obese asthma is a complex syndrome, which includes different phenotypes of disease. At present, these phenotypes only have started to acquire a suffcient understanding. It was suggested that IL-26 is a potential biomarker of disease severity in asthma without signs of Th2-mediated infammation. In this study, we investigated the serum and exhaled levels of IL-26 and its associations with the level of systemic infammation, lung functions, and body weight in obese and non-obese moderate-to-severe asthmatic patientsMaterial and methods: The study included 10 healthy subjects, 10 obese subjects without lung pathologies, 10 non-obese asthmatics (NOA) (BMI 18.5–24.9 kg/m2 ), and 40 obese asthmatics (OA) (BMI 25.0–49.9 kg/m2 ). During the visit, patients’ examination and spirometry with the bronchodilator reversibility test were conducted, the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) was obtained, and the blood samples were collected. The level of IL-26, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-6 (IL-6), TNF-α, interleukin-10 (IL-10), total and specifc immunoglobulin E (IgE), and high sensitive C reactiveprotein (hs-CRP) were measured using the ELISA kits. Statistical comparison between 2 groups was analyzed using the Mann–Whitney rank-sum test. Chi-square with Yates’ correction was used to compare frequencies. Spearman’s rank test was used for correlating nonparametric variables. The Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under ROC curve (AUC) were used for evaluating the diagnostic power of IL-26 as a possible biomarker. Results: NOA had a reversible airway obstruction with reduced FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FVC 25/75, and positive post-bronchodilator test (PBT), signifcantly increased serum levels of IL-10, IL-4, and slightly increased IL-26. NOA had signifcantly increased exhaled IL-26 in comparison with healthy subjects. The obese subjects had a normal ventilatory pattern without airway obstruction, and differences in serum IL-26, IL-10, and IL-4 concentrations in comparison with healthy subjects. Obese subjects had a signifcant escalation of hs-CRP and no differences in the levels of exhaled IL-26, IL-10, and hs-CRP as compared with healthy subjects. OA had reduced FEV1, FEV1/FVC, and FEV25–75 in comparison with non-obese asthmatics. OA had elevated IL-26, IL-10, IL-4, and hs-CRP concentrations as compared with healthy subjects. These patients had a partial similarity with both non-obese asthmatics (elevated IL-26, IL-10, and IL-4) and obese subjects (elevated, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, hs-CRP). OA had a reduced concentration of exhaled IL-26 in comparison with NOA and elevated exhaled IL-10 in comparison with obese subjects. Furthermore, OA had an increased concentration of IL-1β and TNF-α in comparison with healthy individuals and NOA. Exhaled IL-26 concentration distin-guished non-obese asthmatics from healthy subjects, asthmatic patients from non-asthmatics (healthy and obese subjects), all asthmatic patients from non-asthmatics (healthy and obese subjects).Conclusions: Exhaled IL-26 elevated in obese and non-obese moderate-to-severe asthmatic patients. Exhaled IL-26 might be a perspective biomarker in non-obese and obese asthmatics. The obese asthmatic phenotype comprised the combined systemic and local airway infammation.
Keywords: interleukin-26
systemic infammation
obesity
asthma
ISSN: 2451–4934
2543–6031
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.a2022.0006
URI: http://repository.pdmu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/18228
Appears in Collections:Наукові праці

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