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Title: Biological Properties of Streptococcus pluranimalium as the New Human Pathogen
Authors: Ananieva, Maiia
Faustova, Mariia
Loban, Galina
Avetikov, David
Tkachenko, Pavlo
Bobyr, Vitalii
Dobrovolska, Oksana
Ананьєва, Майя Миколаївна
Фаустова, Марія Олексіївна
Лобань, Галина Андріївна
Аветіков, Давид Соломонович
Ткаченко, Павло Іванович
Бобир, В. В.
Добровольська, Оксана Володимирівна
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2023
Publisher: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Citation: Biological Properties of Streptococcus pluranimalium as the New Human Pathogen / M. Ananieva, M. Faustova, G. Loban [et al.] // Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. – 2023. – Vol. 11, № A. – P. 53–57.
Abstract: Background: The limited amount of information available today does not fully reflect the biological properties of Streptococcus pluranimalium as a pathogen new to humans, its pathogenicity factors, and, as a consequence, the pathogenesis of diseases, which is causes Aim: The aim of this research was to study the biological properties of S. pluranimalium, its sensitivity to antibiotics and antiseptics, as well as its adhesive properties. Methods: Two hundred samples were collected from the coronal pockets in patients with acute purulent pericoronitis during 2019–2021 years. Among them, five clinical strains of S. pluranimalium were isolated. Final identification was carried out using a Vitec-2compact bioMérieux automatic bacteriological analyzer. The sensitivity of the studied microbial strains to antibiotics of various groups was determined by the disk diffusion method. The adhesive properties of S. pluranimalium were determined according to the standard Brilis method. Results: It possesses typical morphological and cultural properties characteristics of the genus Streptococcus representatives. This microorganism virtually does not break down carbohydrates, but it produces arylamidases that enables it to be differentiated from other streptococci. S. pluranimalium demonstrates variable sensitivity to antibiotics; the lowest sensitivity has been found out to the second-generation fluoroquinolones. In addition, the clinical isolates studied show high adhesive properties to human red blood cells.
Keywords: streptococcus pluranimalium
adhesive properties
biochemical activity
ISSN: 1857-9655
DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2023.10990
Appears in Collections:Наукові праці. Кафедра хірургічної стоматології та щелепно-лицевої хірургії

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