Professional competition as pedagogical educational technology for future dentists


Результатом навчання студентів-стоматологів має стати набуття ними професійних умінь, які формуються на основі знань і практичних навичок. Удосконалення загальних і професійних компетенцій студентів-стоматологів можна проводити шляхом участі в конкурсі з моделювання зубів «Lege artis», введеного кафедрою пропедевтики терапевтичної стоматології Української медичної стоматологічної академії для студентів 2-го курсу. Конкурс дозволяє поглибити і закріпити знання по клінічним особливостям будови різних груп зубів і мануальних навичок з моделювання зубів і їх реставрації; Результатом обучения студентов-стоматологов должно стать получение ими профессиональных умений, которые формируются на основе знаний и практических навыков. Совершенствование общих и профессиональных компетенций студентов-стоматологов можно проводить путем участия в конкурсе по моделированию зубов «Lege artis», введенного кафедрой пропедевтики терапевтической стоматологии Украинской медицинской стоматологической академии для студентов 2-го курса. Конкурс позволяет углубить и закрепить знания по клиническим особенностям строения различных групп зубов и мануальных навыков по моделированию зубов и их реставрации; The problem of becoming a personality of a future specialist during his study at a higher medical educational establishment is considered one of the priorities of the Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education”, the National Doctrine of the Development of Education in Ukraine for 2012-2021, the Program for the Development of Medical Education till 2020. Special attention is paid to the need to ensure a productive orientation of the individual, early inclusion in the process of professional activity and communication, actualization of the motives of achievement, to strengthen the need for self-development and self-realization, developing the skills of educational and cognitive activity as a means of didactic adaptation; development of professional thinking; as well as the need to increase the accordance of the tasks of the educational process to the real tasks that have to be solved by medical professionals at various stages of professional activity. According to the requirements of the “Standard of Higher Education of Ukraine” in the course of training specialists of the second (master’s) level of higher education in the field of knowledge 22 “Health protection” specialty 221 “Dentistry” discipline “Propaedeutics of therapeutic dentistry” ensures the acquiring general and professional competencies. Monitoring and assessing the quality of their acquisition, that is, the organization of feedback as a means of managing the educational process, is a topical issue of educational services of higher educational institutions. For this purpose, the team of teachers of the chair of Propaedeutics of therapeutic dentistry Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy developed a methodical scenario of the professional competition “Lege artis”, which aims to developing and consolidating theoretical knowledge from the content module “Сlinical features of the teeth structure, tissues and organs of the oral cavity” and the mastery and improvement of manual skills in modeling teeth of different groups. The educational goal of the competition is to establish the priority of professional skills and theoretical training for a future specialist – a dentist who is able to provide the full range of medical services at the highest level. The competition is held in 2 rounds. First round is a tooth design that will be determined by drawing lots. The assessment of the quality of teeth modeling is performed on the following parameters: form of crown; ratio of sizes of crown/root; number, position, form of chewing cusps; form, depth of fissure, presence of a blind pit, additional cusp; number, position, form of the roots, apical foramens; expressed signs of crown curvature; expressed signs of the crown angle; expressed signs of deviation of roots; expressed signs of contact surfaces. As a result of the competition, 7-10 participants with the best points will pass in the second round. In the 2nd round the participants will answer 20 questions. The sum of points for the 1st and 2nd rounds will determine 3 winners. Conclusions. Improving teeth modeling techniques has great educational capabilities, contributes to the development of a sense of form, rhythm, the ratio of part and whole, educates accuracy, patience, perseverance. The work on modeling the tooth, on the one hand, facilitates the ability to use the acquired theoretical knowledge “in practice”, on the other hand it is nourished by questions that arise in the process of practical work. In the future, the art of dental modeling will be transferred to the clinic of therapeutic dentistry during restoration work.


Ключові слова

professional competition, student-dentists learning, teeth modeling, професійний конкурс, навчання студентів-стоматологів, моделювання зубів, профессиональный конкурс, обучение студентов-стоматологов, моделирование зубов

Бібліографічний опис

Professional competition as pedagogical educational technology for future dentists / І. Я. Марченко, І. М. Ткаченко, М. А. Шундрик, З. Ю. Назаренко // Вісник проблем біології і медицини. – 2018. – Вип. 4, Т. 1 (146). – С. 153–155.